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Mathematics provides students with essential mathematical skills and knowledge. It develops the numeracy capabilities that all students need in their personal, work and civic life, and provides the fundamentals on which mathematical specialties and professional applications of mathematics are built. The Australian Curriculum: Mathematics

The mathematics curriculum is organized around the interaction of

- 3 Content Strands (Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, Statistics and Probability)

- 4 Proficiency Strands (Understanding, Fluency, Problem Solving, Reasoning)

Content strands

The Content Strands describe what will be learnt and taught.

Number and Algebra

- includes number and place value, patterns, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, decimals and fractions, money and financial mathematics.

Measurement and Geometry

- includes shape, using units of measurement (metric), location, symmetry, angles

Statistics and Probability 

- including ideas about chance and probability, collecting, representing and interpreting data

Proficiency strands

The proficiency strands are the thinking and doing of mathematics.


- making connections between related concepts, connecting what they already know to new ideas and information


- choosing the correct procedures and carrying them out flexibly, accurately, efficiently, appropriately  and recalling factual knowledge and concepts readily.

Problem Solving 

- the ability to make choices, interpret, formulate, model and investigate problem situations, and communicate solutions effectively.


- developing an increasingly sophisticated capacity for logical thought and actions, such as analyzing, proving, evaluating, explaining, inferring, justifying and generalising.

 Further information about the Australian Mathematics Curriculum can be found here.